As we in the SNF world eagerly anticipate the 5-Star and the SNF FY 2020 proposed rule this month, the revised RAI Manual in May and the SNF FY 2020 Final Rule in July, on April 4th, CMS updated the PDPM Website… again! Things are really moving at a breakneck pace. You may feel like it is a challenge to keep up. You are not alone. It’s time to pull out your running shoes and stretch your thinking muscles because the pace is not going to get any slower moving toward October.
As for the PDPM website revisions let’s take a breather and have a closer look. The following are the documents have been revised to reflect clarifications that CMS has made with regard to the new payment system; PDPM FAQ, PDPM Patient Classification Walk Through, PDPM Grouper Logic, PDPM ICD-10-CM Mappings. Here is a summery of the revisions that have been made. The full documents can be found at https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Medicare-Fee-for-Service-Payment/SNFPPS/PDPM.html
PDPM ICD-10 Mapping – CMS has done us all a favor here. First, they have combined all of the mapping tools into one Excel workbook. Now we can just access that one tool to do all of our PDPM ICD-10 map searches. Next, they have updated the code sets in response to suggestions industry experts have made since the first edition of these tools. In the Clinical Categories by Dx. tab, ICD 10 codes have now been mapped appropriately.
For example, in the prior versions, there was an incomplete list of dx and some dx that should have mapped to possible surgical procedures did not. For example, dx code S72001D Fracture of unspecified part of neck of right femur, subsequent encounter, maps to a default category of Non-Surgical Orthopedic/ Musculoskeletal and May be Eligible for One of the Two Orthopedic Surgery Categories. This was not the case in prior versions of the mapping tool. There are multiple similar revisions that have been made.
The SLP comorbidity map now contains 102 diagnoses. The prior version only contained 70. Multiple diagnoses have been added to Apraxia, Dysphagia and speech and language deficits categories, further enhancing the variety of diagnoses that classify under these categories. The NTA comorbidity diagnosis map continues to have 1535 diagnoses available to map to the 27 NTA comorbidity categories that use MDS item I8000.
PDPM Patient Classification Walkthrough – This document has had only a minor revision. In the prior versions of this document, the source for the NTA comorbidity, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, was noted to be I8000. However, this was a typo and has been corrected to be I1300.
PDPM FAQ – This document has had several clarifications. CMS has also been very helpful in delineating these clarifications in red so they could be easily spotted. Here is a list of the FAQ’s that have been revised;
1.8 – The term primary diagnosis has been changed to Principle diagnosis as it related to the primary reason the resident is being treated in the SNF. CMS continues to indicate that MDS item I0020B and the UB-04 should match.
5.4 – The question as to whether a HIPPS code can be generated if the BIMS has not been completed has been resolved with this clarification, “If neither the BIMS nor the staff assessment is completed, then the patient will not be classified under PDPM and a PDPM HIPPS code will not be produced for this assessment.” In other words, when the BIMS was not completed because the resident had an unexpected discharge, the staff assessment may be completed. This clarification, however, does not apply to situations in which the BIMS could have been completed but was not. The current rules in the RAI manual page C-2 etc. will still apply.
11.5 – CMS has clarified how the items in J2100 – J5000 will be used for payment under PDPM. They indicate, “These items will be used, along with the patient’s primary diagnosis coded in item I0020B, to classify patients into a PDPM clinical category, which is then used as part of the PT, OT, and SLP case-mix classification groups for PDPM.”
12.10 – CMS continues to reiterate the fact that under PDPM, while there is no requirement that a certain amount of therapy days and minutes are required for a rehab payment category to be generated, it is important to remember that a daily skilled service will still be required. To that point they have added a reference to Chapter 8 of the Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, specifically section 30.6. where daily skilled services are defined.
12.12 – In this FASQ entry, CMS has clarified that, under PDPM, there is no change in the way a therapy student’s time can be captured. In this update they have added a reference to a section in the RAI Manual entitled “Modes of Therapy” which may be found in Chapter 3, Section O.
13.4 – Here CMS has made a substantive clarification as to how therapy data should be captured in section O of the discharge assessment when there have been one or more interrupted stays. To clarify this CMS indicates, “SNFs should report the therapies furnished since the beginning of the Part A stay, including all parts of an interrupted stay, in section O of the MDS for each discharge assessment.” The previous FAQ indicated that only therapies that occurred since the readmission would be included.
14.10 – This FAQ has been completely rewritten. The question is, “How long will the OSA be in place?” To which CMS has responded, “There is currently no definitive timeline for retiring the OSA. Once states are able to collect the data necessary to consider a transition to PDPM, CMS will evaluate the continued need for the OSA, in consultation with the states.” This is good news for states who require RUG III or RUG IV HIPPS data for Medicate rate calculations.
14.13 – As CMS winds down the RUG system calculations in light of PDPM, as in 14.10, CMS here reiterates that after the implementation of the PDPM, states that will need to continue to generate RUG scores on more frequently than the 5-day PPS, OBRA Comprehensive and quarterly types of assessments, will need to use the OSA to do so. CMS added the clarification that, “Beginning October 1, 2020, states must use the OSA as the basis for calculating RUG-III and RUG-IV HIPPS codes.”
PDPM Grouper Logic – While CMS did not provide a document that indicates what has been revised with regard to the grouper logic, it is safe to say they have updated it with regard to the changes and clarification noted above, in particular, the multiple revisions made to the ICD-10 mapping.
CMS has updated their PDPM educational materials at least 3 times and we can expect more. As we look for the documents that will come our way in the coming months, it will be imperative that providers stay up to date on all of the changes and revisions that CMS provides.
At Broad River Rehab, we are up to date. Our PDPM Navigator® has already been updated to reflect the most recent ICD-10 mapping revisions. We provide state of the art tools and education to all our clients to help them stay current with the shifting LTC reimbursement landscape. We would love to talk with you about how Broad River Rehab can be your knowledgeable and compassionate rehab partner as you prepare for PDPM.
Give us a call at (800) 596-7234, we’d love to chat. Do you have a tough PDPM or other reimbursement question? Ask an expert!